Hello and welcome to another exciting semester!
Over the break, we started reading John Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath. Although homework over the break is never looked at with excitement, it was helpful for us to get a head start on the reading so we can get through the rather long book. It was also helpful to have the entire break to prepare my presentation on the novel.
I am very much enjoying the book, although (as I had done research on the novel in advance), I am well aware that it will have an unfortunate ending. It must have one, though, for Steinbeck’s goal in writing the novel to be accomplished.
We also in class, as well as in homework, discussed two new rhetorical devices: Synecdoche and Metonymy. According to About.com, the definition of synecdoche is:
… a trope or figure of speech in which a part of something is used to represent the whole (for example, ABCs for alphabet) or (less commonly) the whole is used to represent a part (“England won the World Cup in 1966″).
Although we discussed how synecdoche is used when a part represents a whole, we didn’t discuss how synecdoche can be used when a whole represents a part.
Let’s look up metonymy. Once again according to About.com:
Metonymy is also the rhetorical strategy of describing something indirectly by referring to things around it, as in describing someone’s clothing to characterize the individual. Adjective: metonymic.
This definition of metonymy is pretty much the same one that we discussed in class. The website, though, did come up with another way of looking at metonymy which I have not thought of: Logos as being metonymic of the companies they represent. The website, for example, talks about “the metonymic Golden Arches logo of McDonald’s Corporation.”
Let’s have another rhetorical device filled week next week!
“synecdoche (figures of speech)” http://grammar.about.com/od/rs/g/synecdocheterm.htm
“metonymy (figures of speech)” http://grammar.about.com/od/mo/g/metonymy.htm